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Policy on North Korean Defectors

Number of North Korean Defectors Entering South Korea

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors Entering South Korea
Category ~'98 ~'01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 ’18.3 (provi sional) Total
Male 831 565 510 474 626 424 515 573 608 662 591 795 404 369 305 251 302 188 25 9,018
Female 116 478 632 811 1,272 960 1,513 1,981 2,195 2,252 1,811 1,911 1,098 1,145 1,092 1,024 1,116 939 167 22,513
Total 947 1,043 1,142 1,285 1,898 1,384 2,028 2,554 2,803 2,914 2,402 2,706 1,502 1,514 1,397 1,275 1,418 1,127 192 31,531
Percent age of female defecto rs 12% 46% 55% 63% 67% 69% 75% 78% 78% 77% 75% 71% 73% 76% 78% 80% 79% 83% 87% 71%

Number of North Korean Defectors by Age Group

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Age Group
Category Ages 0-9 Ages 10-19 Ages 20-29 Ages 30-39 Ages 40-49 Ages 50-59 Ages 60 and older Total
Male 636 1,614 2,488 2,074 1,328 522 329 8,991
Female 626 1,985 6,463 6,995 4,108 1,234 943 22,354
Total 1,262 3,599 8,951 9,069 5,436 1,756 1,272 31,345

※ The figures are based on the ages when they entered South Korea and may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Professional Background in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Professional Background in the North
Category Management Military Workers Unemployed Volunteer sector Arts and sports Professions Non-target (children) Total
Male 399 666 3,939 3,149 76 79 210 473 8,991
Female 129 115 8,196 11,467 1,225 193 488 541 22,354
Total 528 781 12,135 14,616 1,301 272 698 1,014 31,345

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities (The figures may be adjusted as a result of the revision of historical

Number of North Korean Defectors by Academic Background in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Academic Background in the North
Category Preschool child Kindergarten Primary school Secondary school (Middleand highschool) College University and higher education Uneducated Other (unidentified) Total
Male 416 135 759 5,504 781 1,034 353 9 8,991
Female 398 195 1,350 16,371 2,270 1,128 495 147 22,354
Total 814 330 2,109 21,875 3,051 2,162 848 156 31,345

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities, and they include dropouts for each educational level.
※ The figures may be adjusted as a result of the revision of historical data and the category of Other includes those who entered Hanawon recently and did not fill in their academic background.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Region of Birth in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Region of Birth in the North
Cate gory Kangwon Nampo Ryang gang Jagang South Pyongan North Pyongan Pyong yang South Hamg yong North Hamg yong South Hwang hae North Hwang hae Kaesong Other (uniden tified) Total
Male 219 66 1,315 67 440 364 408 763 4,782 265 173 44 89 8,991
Female 374 81 3,565 149 615 471 314 1,982 14,236 185 264 30 88 22,354
Total 593 147 4,880 216 1055 825 722 2,745 19,018 450 437 74 173 31,345

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Region

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Region
Region Seoul Gyeonggi Incheon Busan North Gyeongsang South Gyeongsang Daegu North Chung cheong South Chung cheong and Sejong
Male 2,2769 2,306 772 271 230 247 140 239 313
Female 4,697 6,678 1,986 745 867 804 552 969 1,111
Total 6,973 9,084 2,758 1,016 1,097 1,0514 692 1,208 1,424
Region Gwangju Gangwon Daejeon South Jeolla North Jeolla Ulsan Jeju Total
Male 145 179 140 151 122 157 75 7,763
Female 473 560 480 466 406 392 232 21,518
Total 618 739 620 617 528 549 307 29,281

※ The figures do not include those who are dead, whose resident registrations were cancelled, who emigrated, whose residences are unknown, and who are in protection facilities.

Settlement Status of North Korean Defectors

(percentage (%))
Settlement Status of North Korean Defectors
Category ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12 ’13 ’14 ’15 ’16 ’17
Percentage of recipients receiving livelihood benefits 54.8 54.9 51.3 46.7 40.8 35 32.3 25.3 24.4 24.4
Dropout rates(primary, middle, and highschool) 10.8 6.1 4.9 4.7 3.3 3.46 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.0

※ Dropoutrates for2017representthepercentageof studentswhodropped outof school in2016.(source:Ministry ofEducation)

Economic Activities of North Korean Defectors

(percentage (%))
Economic Activities of North Korean Defectors
Category ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12 ’13 ’14 ’15 ’16
Activity Rates 49.6 48.6 42.6 56.5 54.1 56.9 56.6 59.4 57.9
Employment rates 44.9 41.9 38.7 49.7 50 51.4 53.1 54.6 55.0
Unemploy ment rates 9.5 13.7 9.2 12.1 7.5 9.7 6.2 4.8 5.1

※ source: A 2017 Survey of North Korean Defectors by the Korea Hana Foundation