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Policy on North Korean Defectors

Number of North Korean Defectors Entering South Korea

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors Entering South Korea
Category ~'98 ~'01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 ’18 ’19.6 (provi sional) Total
Male 831 565 510 474 626 424 515 573 608 662 591 795 404 369 305 251 302 188 168 75 9,236
Female 116 478 632 811 1,272 960 1,513 1,981 2,195 2,252 1,811 1,911 1,098 1,145 1,092 1,024 1,116 939 969 471 23,786
Total 947 1,043 1,142 1,285 1,898 1,384 2,028 2,554 2,803 2,914 2,402 2,706 1,502 1,514 1,397 1,275 1,418 1,127 1,137 546 33,022
Percent age of female defecto rs 12% 46% 55% 63% 67% 69% 75% 78% 78% 77% 75% 71% 73% 76% 78% 80% 79% 83% 85% 83% 72%

Number of North Korean Defectors by Age Group

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Age Group
Category Ages 0-9 Ages 10-19 Ages 20-29 Ages 30-39 Ages 40-49 Ages 50-59 Ages 60 and older Total
Male 646 1,655 2,554 2,114 1,352 542 333 9,196
Female 635 2,052 6,784 7,310 4,405 1,353 976 23,515
Total 1,281 3,707 9,338 9,424 5,757 1,895 1,309 32,711

※ The figures are based on the ages when they entered South Korea and may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Professional Background in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Professional Background in the North
Category Management Military Workers Unemployed Volunteer sector Arts and sports Professions Non-target (children) Total
Male 407 688 3,1 3,169 84 81 214 501 9,196
Female 138 139 8,771 11,809 1,351 209 501 597 23,515
Total 545 817 12,802 14,999 1,435 290 715 1,098 32,711

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities (The figures may be adjusted as a result of the revision of historical

Number of North Korean Defectors by Academic Background in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Academic Background in the North
Category Preschool child Kindergarten Primary school Secondary school (Middleand highschool) College University and higher education Uneducated Other (unidentified) Total
Male 417 136 777 5,584 814 1,059 357 52 9,196
Female 400 205 1,432 17,126 2,483 1,161 503 205 23,515
Total 817 341 2,209 22,710 3,297 2,220 860 257 32,711

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities, and they include dropouts for each educational level.
※ The figures may be adjusted as a result of the revision of historical data and the category of Other includes those who entered Hanawon recently and did not fill in their academic background.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Region of Birth in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Region of Birth in the North
Cate gory Kangwon Nampo Ryang gang Jagang South Pyongan North Pyongan Pyong yang South Hamg yong North Hamg yong South Hwang hae North Hwang hae Kaesong Other (uniden tified) Total
Male 220 71 1,442 68 445 365 421 769 4,813 266 177 46 93 9,196
Female 374 82 4104 159 637 491 320 2,052 14,686 194 273 31 112 23,515
Total 594 153 5,546 227 1082 856 741 2,821 19,499 460 450 77 205 32,711

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Region

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Region
Region Seoul Gyeonggi Incheon Busan North Gyeongsang South Gyeongsang Daegu North Chung cheong South Chung cheong and Sejong
Male 2,256 2,478 772 261 224 243 141 239 343
Female 4,827 7,392 2,102 763 865 821 532 1,029 1,259
Total 7,083 9,870 2,874 1,024 1,089 1,064 673 1,268 1,602
Region Gwangju Gangwon Daejeon South Jeolla North Jeolla Ulsan Jeju Total
Male 137 190 138 148 119 1455 72 7,906
Female 454 580 492 471 414 385 250 22,636
Total 591 770 630 619 533 530 322 30,542

※ The figures do not include those who are dead, whose resident registrations were cancelled, who emigrated, whose residences are unknown, and who are in protection facilities.

Settlement Status of North Korean Defectors

(percentage (%))
Settlement Status of North Korean Defectors
Category ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12 ’13 ’14 ’15 ’16 ’17 ’18
Percentage of recipients receiving livelihood benefits 54.8 54.9 51.3 46.7 40.8 35 32.3 25.3 24.4 24.4 23.8
Dropout rates(primary, middle, and highschool) 10.8 6.1 4.9 4.7 3.3 3.46 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.5

※ Dropoutrates for2017representthepercentageof studentswhodropped outof school in2016.(source:Ministry ofEducation)

Economic Activities of North Korean Defectors

(percentage (%))
Economic Activities of North Korean Defectors
Category ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12 ’13 ’14 ’15 ’16 ’17 ’18
Activity Rates 49.6 48.6 42.6 56.5 54.1 56.9 56.6 59.4 57.9 61.2 64.8
Employment rates 44.9 41.9 38.7 49.7 50 51.4 53.1 54.6 55.0 56.9 60.4
Unemploy ment rates 9.5 13.7 9.2 12.1 7.5 9.7 6.2 4.8 5.1 7 6.9

※ source: A 2017 Survey of North Korean Defectors by the Korea Hana Foundation