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Policy on North Korean Defectors

Number of North Korean Defectors Entering South Korea

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors Entering South Korea
Category ~'98 ~'01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 ’18.12 (provi sional) Total
Male 831 565 510 474 626 424 515 573 608 662 591 795 404 369 305 251 302 188 168 9,161
Female 116 478 632 811 1,272 960 1,513 1,981 2,195 2,252 1,811 1,911 1,098 1,145 1,092 1,024 1,116 939 969 23,315
Total 947 1,043 1,142 1,285 1,898 1,384 2,028 2,554 2,803 2,914 2,402 2,706 1,502 1,514 1,397 1,275 1,418 1,127 1,137 32,467
Percent age of female defecto rs 12% 46% 55% 63% 67% 69% 75% 78% 78% 77% 75% 71% 73% 76% 78% 80% 79% 83% 85% 72%

Number of North Korean Defectors by Age Group

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Age Group
Category Ages 0-9 Ages 10-19 Ages 20-29 Ages 30-39 Ages 40-49 Ages 50-59 Ages 60 and older Total
Male 639 1,634 2,525 2,093 1,345 528 330 9,094
Female 630 2,023 6,662 7,167 4,269 1,312 961 23,024
Total 1,269 3,657 9,187 9,260 5,614 1,840 1,291 32,118

※ The figures are based on the ages when they entered South Korea and may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Professional Background in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Professional Background in the North
Category Management Military Workers Unemployed Volunteer sector Arts and sports Professions Non-target (children) Total
Male 404 681 3,986 3,169 83 79 211 481 9,094
Female 136 130 8,517 11,660 1,310 204 496 571 23,024
Total 540 811 12,503 14,829 1,393 283 707 1,052 32,118

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities (The figures may be adjusted as a result of the revision of historical

Number of North Korean Defectors by Academic Background in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Academic Background in the North
Category Preschool child Kindergarten Primary school Secondary school (Middleand highschool) College University and higher education Uneducated Other (unidentified) Total
Male 416 136 767 5,539 799 1,048 357 32 9,094
Female 399 204 1,406 16,814 2,398 1,148 500 155 23,024
Total 815 340 2,173 22,353 3,197 2,196 857 187 32,118

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities, and they include dropouts for each educational level.
※ The figures may be adjusted as a result of the revision of historical data and the category of Other includes those who entered Hanawon recently and did not fill in their academic background.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Region of Birth in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Region of Birth in the North
Cate gory Kangwon Nampo Ryang gang Jagang South Pyongan North Pyongan Pyong yang South Hamg yong North Hamg yong South Hwang hae North Hwang hae Kaesong Other (uniden tified) Total
Male 219 69 1,371 68 443 365 414 768 4,802 265 177 45 88 9,094
Female 374 81 3,876 154 627 481 318 2,030 14,489 191 269 30 104 23,024
Total 593 150 5,247 222 1070 846 732 2,798 19,291 456 446 75 192 32,118

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Region

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Region
Region Seoul Gyeonggi Incheon Busan North Gyeongsang South Gyeongsang Daegu North Chung cheong South Chung cheong and Sejong
Male 2,258 2,395 780 269 226 246/td> 137 241 332
Female 4,762 7,127 2,027 765 865 813 531 1,010 1,196
Total 7,020 9,522 2,807 1,034 1,091 1,059 668 1,251 1,528
Region Gwangju Gangwon Daejeon South Jeolla North Jeolla Ulsan Jeju Total
Male 138 186 135 143 121 155 72 7,834
Female 469 563 487 459 412 386 244 22,116
Total 607 749 622 602 533 541 316 29,950

※ The figures do not include those who are dead, whose resident registrations were cancelled, who emigrated, whose residences are unknown, and who are in protection facilities.

Settlement Status of North Korean Defectors

(percentage (%))
Settlement Status of North Korean Defectors
Category ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12 ’13 ’14 ’15 ’16 ’17
Percentage of recipients receiving livelihood benefits 54.8 54.9 51.3 46.7 40.8 35 32.3 25.3 24.4 24.4
Dropout rates(primary, middle, and highschool) 10.8 6.1 4.9 4.7 3.3 3.46 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.0

※ Dropoutrates for2017representthepercentageof studentswhodropped outof school in2016.(source:Ministry ofEducation)

Economic Activities of North Korean Defectors

(percentage (%))
Economic Activities of North Korean Defectors
Category ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12 ’13 ’14 ’15 ’16 ’17
Activity Rates 49.6 48.6 42.6 56.5 54.1 56.9 56.6 59.4 57.9 61.2
Employment rates 44.9 41.9 38.7 49.7 50 51.4 53.1 54.6 55.0 56.9
Unemploy ment rates 9.5 13.7 9.2 12.1 7.5 9.7 6.2 4.8 5.1 7

※ source: A 2017 Survey of North Korean Defectors by the Korea Hana Foundation