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Policy on North Korean Defectors

Number of North Korean Defectors Entering South Korea

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors Entering South Korea
Category ~'98 ~'01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 ’18 ’19.12 (provi sional) Total
Male 831 565 510 474 626 424 515 573 608 662 591 795 404 369 305 251 302 188 168 202 9,363
Female 116 478 632 811 1,272 960 1,513 1,981 2,195 2,252 1,811 1,911 1,098 1,145 1,092 1,024 1,116 939 969 845 24,160
Total 947 1,043 1,142 1,285 1,898 1,384 2,028 2,554 2,803 2,914 2,402 2,706 1,502 1,514 1,397 1,275 1,418 1,127 1,137 1,047 33,523
Percent age of female defecto rs 12% 46% 55% 63% 67% 69% 75% 78% 78% 77% 75% 71% 73% 76% 78% 80% 79% 83% 85% 81% 72.1%

Number of North Korean Defectors by Age Group

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Age Group
Category Ages 0-9 Ages 10-19 Ages 20-29 Ages 30-39 Ages 40-49 Ages 50-59 Ages 60 and older Total
Male 650 1,677 2,581 2,127 1,365 561 338 9,299
Female 638 2,077 6,893 7,458 4,511 1,413 988 23,978
Total 1,288 3,754 9,474 9,585 5,876 1,974 1,326 33,277

※ The figures are based on the ages when they entered South Korea and may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Professional Background in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Professional Background in the North
Category Management Military Workers Unemployed Volunteer sector Arts and sports Professions Non-target (children) Total
Male 408 694 4,086 3,203 88 82 220 518 9,299
Female 138 145 9,052 11,900 1,402 215 510 616 23,978
Total 546 839 13,138 15,103 1,490 297 730 1,134 33,277

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities (The figures may be adjusted as a result of the revision of historical

Number of North Korean Defectors by Academic Background in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Academic Background in the North
Category Preschool child Kindergarten Primary school Secondary school (Middleand highschool) College University and higher education Uneducated Other (unidentified) Total
Male 418 136 789 5,634 827 1,076 357 62 9,299
Female 401 210 1,471 17,436 2,585 1,187 507 181 23,978
Total 819 346 2,260 23,070 3,412 2,263 864 243 33,277

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities, and they include dropouts for each educational level.
※ The figures may be adjusted as a result of the revision of historical data and the category of Other includes those who entered Hanawon recently and did not fill in their academic background.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Region of Birth in the North

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Region of Birth in the North
Cate gory Kangwon Nampo Ryang gang Jagang South Pyongan North Pyongan Pyong yang South Hamg yong North Hamg yong South Hwang hae North Hwang hae Kaesong Other (uniden tified) Total
Male 220 72 1,495 74 449 369 432 770 4,827 269 181 46 95 9,299
Female 374 86 4,317 163 645 501 326 2,077 14,860 199 277 33 120 23,978
Total 594 158 5,812 237 1094 870 758 2,847 19,687 468 458 79 215 33,277

※ The figures may differ from the actual number of North Korean defectors due to the exclusion of those who arrived recently and are in protection facilities.

Number of North Korean Defectors by Region

(persons)
Number of North Korean Defectors by Region
Region Seoul Gyeonggi Incheon Busan North Gyeongsang South Gyeongsang Daegu North Chung cheong South Chung cheong and Sejong
Male 2,246 2,541 774 261 220 247 145 244 338
Female 4,846 7,674 2,167 765 865 826 528 1,020 1,307
Total 7,092 10,215 2,941 1,026 1,085 1,073 673 1,264 1,645
Region Gwangju Gangwon Daejeon South Jeolla North Jeolla Ulsan Jeju Total
Male 135 192 133 150 125 133 71 7,955
Female 464 604 489 462 412 372 247 23,048
Total 599 796 622 612 537 505 318 31,003

※ The figures do not include those who are dead, whose resident registrations were cancelled, who emigrated, whose residences are unknown, and who are in protection facilities.

Settlement Status of North Korean Defectors

(percentage (%))
Settlement Status of North Korean Defectors
Category ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12 ’13 ’14 ’15 ’16 ’17 ’18
Percentage of recipients receiving livelihood benefits 54.8 54.9 51.3 46.7 40.8 35 32.3 25.3 24.4 24.4 24.4
Dropout rates(primary, middle, and highschool) 10.8 6.1 4.9 4.7 3.3 3.46 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.5

※ Dropoutrates for2017representthepercentageof studentswhodropped outof school in2016.(source:Ministry ofEducation)

Economic Activities of North Korean Defectors

(percentage (%))
Economic Activities of North Korean Defectors
Category ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 ’12 ’13 ’14 ’15 ’16 ’17 ’18
Activity Rates 49.6 48.6 42.6 56.5 54.1 56.9 56.6 59.4 57.9 61.2 64.8
Employment rates 44.9 41.9 38.7 49.7 50 51.4 53.1 54.6 55.0 56.9 60.4
Unemploy ment rates 9.5 13.7 9.2 12.1 7.5 9.7 6.2 4.8 5.1 7 6.9

※ source: A 2018 Survey of North Korean Defectors by the Korea Hana Foundation